Geneva International Centre For Humanitarian Demining (GICHD)

The Centre's area of competence includes antipersonnel mines, all other types of mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) in a broad sense of the term, including all forms of mines, booby traps, unexploded ordnance (UXO) including munitions, and abandoned ordnance (AXO). The GICHD is responsive across the full spectrum of emergency, peace-keeping, disarmament, reconstruction and development. It does so by respecting the primary responsibility of affected states for mine action, and by placing emphasis on local ownership and capacity building. The priorities and competence of the Centre are reflected by the four strategic goals, namely operational assistance, knowledge management and dissemination, standards and support to instruments of international law. As for the operational assistance, the GICHD enables national and local authorities to effectively and efficiently plan, coordinate and implement safe mine action programmes, as well as to implement their obligation under international humanitarian law. Regarding the knowledge management and dissemination, the Centre makes available to the mine action sector the most up-to-date technical and conceptual solutions, best practices and lessons-learned generated by field research, socio-economic studies and evaluations. In order to improve safety, quality and confidence in mine action, the Centre supports the development of relevant international and national standards. Ultimately the GICHD supports the development and implementation of instruments of international law that address landmines and explosive remnants of war. The GICHD's work is based on a wide range of partnerships - with governments, the United Nations, international and national non-governmental organisations, research centres and commercial companies working in the area of mine action and explosive remnants of war.

The Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) works for the elimination of anti-personnel mines, cluster munitions and explosive remnants of war. The Centre contributes to the social and economic well-being of people and communities in affected countries. The Centre supports the national mine action programmes, while cooperating with other relevant organisations, and follows the humanitarian principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence.

The GICHD provides advice and capacity building support, undertakes applied research, disseminates knowledge and best practices, and develops standards. The Centre aims to enhance performance and professionalism in mine action, and supports the implementation of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, the Convention on Cluster Munitions and other relevant instruments of international law.

The GICHD is an international expert organisation, registered as a not-for-profit foundation in Switzerland.

  • Civil Society
  • Coordination of International Assistance
  • DDR
  • Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
  • Employment Generation
  • Gender
  • Human Rights
  • Humanitarian Assistance
  • Media
  • Mine Action
  • Physical Infrastructure and Reconstruction
  • Public Administration and Government Strengthening

Mine Action

Events are high-level and policy-driven. The program has the convening power to bring together high-level speakers - leading academics and key decision-makers - to address tomorrow’s reconstruction challenges. The lecturers and workshop participants are cutting-edge leaders in their field either as key peacebuilding actors, mediators, or authorities in ground-breaking research.
  • Capacity and development training
  • Direct project implementation
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Policy advice
  • Project support services
  • Research and policy development
  • Technical assistance
Description of activities
The GICHD is often called upon to provide independent and impartial assessments of existing strategies for mine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) risk education and to make recommendations for possible future orientation.
The GICHD works at operational level to support mine-affected states and mine action organisations.
The Centre undertakes evaluations to document the relevance, impact, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability of mine action programmes. It provides appropriate recommendations for performance improvements, and generate lessons-learned for future guidance. The Centre maintains an evaluation and best practice data-base.
The Centre supports national authorities to develop and implement their mine action strategies and plans, including priority setting mechanisms, quality management, coordination activities, legislation, mine risk education, gender sensitive programming and linking mine action and development. Special attention is paid to assist national authorities to comply with their obligations and commitments stemming from the AP Mine Ban Convention and other relevant instruments of international law.
The GICHD developed an Information Management System for Mine Action that has been specifically designed to meet the requirements of users in the field.
The GICHD conducts applied research in cooperation with research organisations and field actors. It generates valid and credible findings through studies on how different mine action programmes have addressed common problems and, if appropriate, propose improved methods.
The GICHD provides the mine action operators with technical advice and assistance, particularly with regards to technical survey methodologies, the management and use of clearance assets such as manual demining, machines and dogs. It prepares and publishes technical information that could offer advice on a technical subject or solution to a specific problem, usually in the form of Technical Notes for Mine Action (TNMA). The Centre provides mine action decision-makers with a comprehensive range of practical options for technical solutions, best practices, and lessons learned.

Economic Foundations for Growth and Development

In many countries, landmines and ERW are not just a humanitarian concern. They also impede reconstruction and development efforts by: ­ Threatening community safety ­ Hindering the safe return of IDPs and refugees to their communities ­ Damaging infrastructure essential for economic development: roads, bridges, market facilities, factories and public transport vehicles ­ Limiting access to health care, education and other basic social services ­ Preventing the use of key assets vital to economic survival, e.g. agricultural, grazing and commercial land and water and irrigation channels ­ Undermining food security ­ Deterring investment and economic development The main focus of mine action during the early years was on clearing mines/ERW safely and efficiently to meet the basic security needs of IDPs, refugees and humanitarian aid workers. Less attention was paid to investigating which hazards pose the greatest danger to communities and their livelihoods, or to coordinating interventions with humanitarian and development actors to enhance the developmental effectiveness of mine action. As emergencies ended and mine-affected countries stabilized, they began to focus on post-conflict reconstruction and development. Mine action officials and practitioners often had difficulties making the same shift: from humanitarian mine action to mine action in support of post-conflict reconstruction, and eventually, development. The GICHD promotes development and socio-economic reconstruction in mine-affected countries and communities and plays therefore an important role in the post-conflict period of these countries.
  • Capacity and development training
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Policy advice
  • Project support services
  • Research and policy development
  • Technical assistance
Description of activities
The GICHD strengthens the capacity of mine action and development organisations to promote development in mine-affected countries and communities through the provision of Guidelines, training and technical advice.
The GICHD’s resources page contains a comprehensive list of LMAD-related resources as well as a wider range of mine action-related publications and evaluations.
The Centre supports the Linking Mine Action and Development Contact Group, which meets on the margins of the Meetings of States Parties to the APMBC and the Intersessional Work Programme.
Despite the availability of extensive research documenting the need for greater coordination between mine action and development organisations, concrete guidance for practitioners and policy-makers on how to link mine action with development has been lacking. The GICHD documents and gathers research, good practice and lessons learned on Linking Mine Action with Development (LMAD).
The Centre regularly organises Workshops to share experiences and discuss good practice. Further it facilitates an Online Forum to share information and promote dialogue on integrating mine action into development.

DDR

There is a great potential for reintegration of former combatants through mine action. The Centre promotes the link between mine action and DDR. Further it supports disarmament efforts though support to the Anti-personnel mine Convention, the Convention on Certain Weapons and the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
  • Capacity and development training
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Policy advice
  • Research and policy development
  • Technical assistance
Description of activities
The Centre provides basic training on Disarmament Convention related to AP mines and other ERW.
The GICHD maintains a Documentation Centre on the AP MBC and monitors the evaluation of its implementation closely.
The GICHD supports the development and implementation of instruments of international law that address the human suffering caused by landmines and other explosive remnants of war, including cluster munitions. These instruments are key in the disarmament since they ban and/or restrict the use of landmines and various types of weapons that are deemed to cause unnecessary suffering. Further, the GICHD participated actively in all the preparatory meetings to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, signed in Oslo by 94 States, and gave technical input to the negotiating process.
The GICHD provides expert advice to the States Parties of these international instruments in order to promote the development of, and compliance with, the obligations contained in the Conventions.
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark
    • Southern Europe
      • Montenegro
      • Albania
      • Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Croatia
      • Serbia
      • (The former Yugoslav) Republic of Macedonia
  • Asia
    • Central Asia
      • Tajikistan
    • South Asia
      • Nepal
      • Afghanistan
      • Sri Lanka
    • South East Asia
      • Cambodia
      • Thailand
      • Lao People’s Democratic Republic
      • Brunei Darussalam
      • Viet Nam
    • Western Asia
      • Armenia
      • Jordan
      • Lebanon
      • Turkey
      • Yemen
      • Azerbaijan
      • Iraq
      • Cyprus
  • Americas
    • Central America
      • El-Salvador
      • Guatemala
      • Nicaragua
    • South America
      • Argentina
      • Chile
      • Colombia
      • Ecuador
      • Peru
  • Africa
    • Central Africa
      • Angola
      • Democratic Republic of the Congo
      • Chad
    • Eastern Africa
      • Uganda
      • Mozambique
      • Kenya
      • Sudan
      • Burundi
      • Rwanda
      • Ethiopia
      • Eritrea
      • Zambia
    • Northern Africa
      • Egypt
      • Morocco
      • Western Sahara
      • Algeria
    • Southern Africa
      • Swaziland
    • Western Africa
      • Benin
      • Senegal
      • Mauritania
      • Niger
      • Sierra Leone
      • Guinea-Bissau

Burundi

Sectors of activity: 
DDR
Mine Action
Humanitarian Assistance
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
Types of activity: 
Research and policy development
Technical assistance
Policy advice
Direct project implementation
Capacity and development training
Project support services
Description: 

Visit by GICHD Director in July 2007. The Information System for Mine Action (IMSMA) developed by the GICHD is installed and supports mine action in Burundi.

Guinea Bissau

Sectors of activity: 
Mine Action
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Project support services
Description: 

The Information System for Mine Action (IMSMA) developed by the GICHD is installed in Guinea-Bissau and supports the mine action.

Sierra Leone

Sectors of activity: 
Mine Action
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Project support services
Description: 

The Information System for Mine Action (IMSMA) developed by the GICHD is installed and supports mine action in Sierra Leone.

Geneva International Centre For Humanitarian Demining (GICHD)
Avenue de la Paix 7bis PO Box 1300
Geneva 1 CH-1211
International Foundation
More than 10 years
50
Avenue de la Paix 7bis PO Box 1300
Geneva 1 CH-1211
Headquarters

The GICHD is an international organisation, legally based in Switzerland as a non-profit foundation. It was established by Switzerland and several other countries in April 1998. In March 2003, the GICHD concluded a status agreement with the Swiss Government guaranteeing its independence and freedom of action. The Centre has over 50 staff members and is financially supported by around 20 countries and international organisations.

50
H.E.
Stephan Husy
Ambassador, Director
Pascal Rapillard
Advisor to the Director

Partnership

Donor States

Type: 
Formal
Main purpose: 
Project Implementation
Description: 

Governments / Usual donor countries

Mine action
DDR
Human Rights
Public Administration and Government Strenghtening
Economic Strategy and Coordination of International Assistance
Civil Society
Humanitarian Assistance
Gender
Physical Infrastructure and Reconstruction
Employement Generation
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development

Partner organisations: 
Governments

NGOs

Description: 

NGO / International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)

Mine action
DDR
Human Rights
Public Administration and Government Strengthening
Economic Strategy and Coordination of International Assistance
Civil Society
Humanitarian Assistance
Gender
Physical Infrastructure and Reconstruction
Employement Generation
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development

Partner organisations: 
NGOs

UNMAT

Type: 
Formal, Informal
Location: 
International Partnership
Main purpose: 
Project Implementation
Description: 

Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP), Interpeace, and the Quaker United Nations Office (QUNO).

Partner organisations: 
United Nations