International Organization for Migration (IOM)

IOM works to enhance global understanding of migration issues by increasing the access of policymakers to information and analysis, promoting policy dialogue and sharing examples of effective practice, thereby strengthening government capacity to make and implement policy decisions. IOM also strives to educate the public at large on migration issues both through direct public outreach activities and through advising governments. IOM offers advisory services on migration issues to governments, agencies and organizations to assist them in the development and implementation of migration policy, legislation and management, to prevent illegal migration, facilitate regular beneficial migration and provide assistance on various aspects of migrant processing and integration. It advises on technology applications for migration management and implements specific programmes. In an effort to have a more complete picture and draw on all relevant resources and partnerships, IOM is also reaching out to the private sector. IOM provides expert and practical support to governments all along the migration spectrum seeking to establish or enhance the necessary frameworks for promoting and managing legal labour migration, while combating illegal migration and exploitation. This includes various forms of assistance to migrants ranging from pre-departure to post-return. Through its counter-trafficking programmes, IOM aims to protect persons from becoming victims of trafficking, ensures that victims of trafficking receive appropriate assistance and protection, trains government officials in methods and legislation to counter trafficking, and advises law enforcement agents on the proper treatment of victims. In addition to regular assisted voluntary return programmes, IOM is increasingly being called upon to help migrants stranded in transit to return home safely. Assisted voluntary return for stranded migrants is not just a humanitarian act; it also helps to spread the word, credibly and with great impact to others back home about the dangers of using smugglers and attempting the irregular migration route. IOM also assists migrants caught up in natural disasters or conflicts for whom evacuation and return home is the safest option. In response to health needs, IOM provides health assessments to migrants, support to governments and populations to help rebuild their health infrastructures in the aftermath of emergencies, and migration health data, analysis and advice to help formulate policies on health matters, including access to healthcare, mental health and other issues relating to people on the move. Recognizing the link between national development and migratory flows, IOM helps to locate and transfer or facilitate exchanges of skills and human resources to support the national development efforts of receiving communities through its migration for development activities, return of qualified nationals, and transfer of skills, remittance management and programmes to reach out to and maintain contacts with migrants abroad. IOM seeks to provide migrants with essential information which can affect their future well-being and destiny. This is done through information campaigns using a broad range of media, and the establishment of migrant information or resource centres. Information can be geared to inviting the participation of migrants in elections or referenda, informing them of new legislation affecting their status abroad, of conditions in their home country or compensation schemes from which they could benefit, or warning potential victims of the dangers of irregular migration and trafficking. In order to promote cooperation across borders and regions, IOM assists in the establishment and running of regional consultative processes, seminars and other meetings, which can provide useful networks of collaboration and information-sharing on all aspects of migration. To keep governments abreast of migration trends and to ensure the continuing relevance of IOM's programme responses, the Organization conducts and commissions research directly linked and consequent to its operational services. IOM provides assistance to people fleeing conflict or natural disasters, refugees being resettled in third countries or repatriated, persons who stranded, unsuccessful asylum seekers are returning home, displaced persons and other migrants. IOM's close cooperation with the UN system through the Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and the entrusted global Cluster leadership for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) in natural disasters and its participation in the United Nations consolidated appeal process (CAP) in response to complex emergencies ensures that its activities and programmes are well coordinated through strengthened "collaborative response" with predictability and accountability and complementarily with international and national stakeholders. While some interpret "œmanaging migration" as concerned with control and contrary to a rights-based approach, IOM considers that migration, when managed effectively, can indeed better ensure the protection of migrants. Managing migration includes addressing smuggling and trafficking. Managing migration means properly trained law-enforcement officials and, in turn, greater awareness and upholding of human rights standards. Managing migration well increases public confidence and makes it less likely that migrant will be exploited or subject to discrimination and abuse, with proper access to recourse when problems arise and to healthcare and other essential services which assure the well-being and security for all. The Emergency and Post Crises Division (EPC) serves as the focal point in IOM for migration emergency preparedness and response capacities. The EPC operates under the Operations Support Department (OSD) to coordinate, support and assist IOM's response to migration emergencies, such as population displacement, large-scale evacuations returns and reintegration. The EPC Division initiates contingency planning for IOM and early intervention action by supporting field missions in addressing emergency situations. In close consultation with the relevant headquarter Departments, EPC is responsible for preparing and coordinating the rapid deployment of human and material resources, acts as IOM's early warning instrument maintaining close watch on emerging humanitarian crises for which it also undertakes rapid assessment missions, and assists with project development. EPC focus on post conflict situations, characterized by a high level of population mobility, by promoting programs supporting the population stabilisation through recovery and peacebuilding measure in affected communities. IOM is working in partnership with host governments to implement Defence Sector Reform through socio-economic reintegration programmes in Bosnia, Croatia, Kosovo and Serbia as part of peacebuilding strategy for achieving sustainable security in a transformational environment. The Defence Sector Reform holistic approach encompasses humanitarian, development, and security assistance supported by NATO member states and other regional organizations to the transitioning process from planned to free market economies. The success of the IOM strategies employed has now been well documented and despite the economic hardship of the targeted regions, the majority of beneficiaries have successfully achieved alternative livelihoods.

Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration. With 125 member states, a further 20 states holding observer status and offices in over 300 countries, IOM works closely with migrants, governments and other partners in the international community to address today's many and complex migration challenges. IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society and is instrumental in assisting to meet the operational challenges of migration, to advance the understanding of migration issues, to encourage social and economic development through migration and to work towards effective respect for the human dignity and well-being of migrants. These principles and objectives, shared by all Member States, form the overall framework for IOM's responses to migration challenges. The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement.

  • Civil Society
  • Community Conflict Resolution
  • Coordination of International Assistance
  • DDR
  • Defence Institutions
  • Diaspora outreach
  • Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
  • Elections
  • Employment Generation
  • Gender
  • Good Offices and Peace Support
  • Human Rights
  • Humanitarian Assistance
  • Humanitarian Protection
  • Judicial and Legal Reform
  • Local Governance
  • Media
  • Mine Action
  • Physical Infrastructure and Reconstruction
  • Security Sector Governance
  • Transitional Justice

Humanitarian Assistance

IOM has a highly decentralized, flexible and service orientated operational structure. Its support costs are the lowest of all international organizations. IOM Uses activities-based costing with project managers that are monitored in a responsible, transparent and efficient manner.
  • Capacity and development training
  • Direct project implementation
  • Research and policy development
  • Technical assistance
Description of activities
Post-emergency Migration Health Assistance: The main focus of this activity is to help governments and populations during and in the aftermath of emergencies by managing health issues related to the mass movement of people, and arranging medical evacuation for individuals who cannot be cared for locally due to overstretched or destroyed health facilities. In addition, post-emergency programmes assist in the reconstruction of damaged health infrastructures through mainly community-based services. While initial assistance may include short-term solutions by providing the expertise needed to support basic health needs, the long-term goal is to rebuild the capacity of the country through the training of local personnel in order to achieve sustainable solutions in line with national health plans. / Worldwide
Demobilization and reintegration of former combatants and security sector reform: With assistance from the NATO Trust Fund, IOM is supporting the defense reform process in Serbia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro and Kosovo. Programmes contribute to maintaining regional peace and stability, fostering economic recovery, reducing unemployment and generating income through the reintegration of redundant military personnel into mainstream society. In addition, IOM comprehensively supports demobilization & reintegration of former combatants through the implementation of Information Counselling & Referral Services (ICRS). These programmes, not only, support the transition between the demobilization phase and the start of the reintegration phase, but also rapidly becomes the central tool for an effective socio-economic return to normal civilian life after years of armed conflict. The ICRS provides a mechanism by which individual former combatants and the community at large can clarify their doubts and uncertainties regarding the post-demobilization process, and especially regarding the challenges of socio-economic reintegration. The ICRS is supported with a Reintegration Fund (RF), that is used to expand the reintegration opportunities and support services, through the development of existing businesses and service providers, as well as helping to create new ones. It is important to note that the RF should not constitute an entitlement of each and every ex-combatant, but is applied strategically to expand reintegration opportunities and critical support services as needed. / Worldwide
Maximizing the positive relationship between migration and development has long been a strategic focus of IOM’s work. In an era of unprecedented levels of human mobility, the need to develop a fuller understanding of the linkages between migration and development is particularly urgent, as is the need to act in practical ways to enhance the benefits migration can have for development, and to elaborate sustainable solutions for problematic migration situations. IOM approaches the linkages between migration and development from the perspective that international migration, if properly managed, can contribute to the growth and prosperity of countries of origin and of destination, as well as benefit migrants themselves. IOM therefore aims at harnessing the development potential of migration for the benefit of individual migrants and societies. Programme activities in this area include strengthening the capacity of governments and other stakeholders to effectively involve migrant populations in development processes in countries of origin, fostering economic and community development in areas of high emigration pressure, enhancing the development impact of remittances, facilitating the return and reintegration of qualified nationals and assisted voluntary returns. / Worldwid
IOM is actively involved in supporting elections in countries in a process of political transition, or in post-conflict situations. The Organization’s operations have taken the form of implementation of out-of-country registration and voting (OCV) programmes for nationals residing outside their country of origin, and support to EU Election Observation Missions (EU EOM) in third countries. / Worldwide

DDR

Broad and varied portfolio based on operational experience gained in four continents through the direct design and implementation of projects on behalf of governments.
Lebanon
  • Capacity and development training
  • Direct project implementation
  • Policy advice
  • Project support services
  • Research and policy development
  • Technical assistance
Description of activities
Support national governments with technical advise related to the implementation of DDR operations, including training and capacity building of Ministerial structures. / Cote D'Ivoire, Angola, Mozambique, Guatemala, Sierra Leone, etc.
Implementation of comprehensive demobilization, return and reintegration programmes supporting the return to normal civilian life of former combatants, including Information Counselling & Referral Sevices and creation of sustainable income-generating activities. / Mozambique, haiti, Angola, Mali, Guatemala, Philippines, Kosovo, East Timor, Congo Brazzaville, DRC, Cambodia, Tajikistan, Sierra Leone, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
Implementation of comprehensive demobilization, return and reintegration programmes supporting the return to normal civilian life of former combatants, including Information Counselling & Referral Sevices and creation of sustainable income-generating activities. / Mozambique, haiti, Angola, Mali, Guatemala, Philippines, Kosovo, East Timor, Congo Brazzaville, DRC, Cambodia, Tajikistan, Sierra Leone, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
Maximizing the positive relationship between migration and development has long been a strategic focus of IOM’s work. In an era of unprecedented levels of human mobility, the need to develop a fuller understanding of the linkages between migration and development is particularly urgent, as is the need to act in practical ways to enhance the benefits migration can have for development, and to elaborate sustainable solutions for problematic migration situations. IOM approaches the linkages between migration and development from the perspective that international migration, if properly managed, can contribute to the growth and prosperity of countries of origin and of destination, as well as benefit migrants themselves. IOM therefore aims at harnessing the development potential of migration for the benefit of individual migrants and societies. Programme activities in this area include strengthening the capacity of governments and other stakeholders to effectively involve migrant populations in development processes in countries of origin, fostering economic and community development in areas of high emigration pressure, enhancing the development impact of remittances, facilitating the return and reintegration of qualified nationals and assisted voluntary returns. / Worldwide

Community Conflict Resolution

As an operational organization, IOM programmes sustain field office networks, able to undertake permanent outreach, programme monitoring/ accompaniment and evaluation at the lowest level. In this way, IOM is well positioned to respond to complex programmes related to conflict resolution and community revitalization, which are dependable on good local understanding and rapid responses to identified problems.
  • Capacity and development training
  • Direct project implementation
Description of activities
IOM’s capacity building (CB) ensures that every component being implemented includes the direct presence and ownership of the process by concerned stakeholders, including relevant national government counterparts and other partners at each respective level. CB works to enhance the participation of local authorities and community structures, at large. It emphasizes community organization and civic participation. Capacity building is also used to pool-in the direct participation of the society at large and enhance their intervention as stakeholders to the process of pacification, reconciliation and economic revitalization. / Angola, Haiti, Afghanistan, Iraq, Indonesia, Colombia, the Balkans, etc.
Collect and analyse information on target groups; implement socio-economic and demographic surveys on needs and concerns (IDPs, Former Combatants, Returnees, vulnerable individuals) for inter-alia return and reintegration in areas of origin or choice; Conduct surveys/assessments on basic social infrastructure for future/eventual reconstruction; Monitor evolving situations and provide income-generation and employment creation opportunities; Support and strengthen local authorities’ capacities for population resettlement, stabilisation and socio-economic reinsertion through community participation, including road reconnaissance, HIV-AIDs awareness raising, rapid rehabilitation of secondary access routes returns and reintegration; Support regional stabilization of returns, micro-credit projects, technical assistance for starting/expanding small enterprises and women’s cooperatives. / Angola, Haiti, Afghanistan, Iraq, Indonesia, Colombia, the Balkans, etc.
  • Africa
    • Central Africa
      • Angola
      • Cameroon
      • Democratic Republic of the Congo
      • Chad
      • Central African Republic
    • Eastern Africa
      • Uganda
      • Mozambique
      • Kenya
      • Somalia
      • Sudan
      • United Republic of Tanzania
      • Ethiopia
      • Zambia
      • Malawi
      • Zimbabwe
    • Northern Africa
      • Egypt
      • Morocco
      • Algeria
      • Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
    • Southern Africa
      • South Africa
    • Western Africa
      • Senegal
      • Nigeria
      • Liberia
      • Mauritania
      • Niger
      • Sierra Leone
      • Guinea
      • Cape Verde
      • Cote d’Ivoire
      • Guinea-Bissau
      • Mali
  • Americas
    • Caribbean
      • Haiti
      • Dominican Republic
      • Jamaica
      • Bahamas
      • Barbados
      • Trinidad and Tobago
    • Central America
      • Costa Rica
      • Honduras
      • Panama
      • El-Salvador
      • Guatemala
      • Nicaragua
    • North America
      • Mexico
      • United States of America
      • Canada
    • South America
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Chile
      • Uruguay
      • Bolivia
      • Colombia
      • Ecuador
      • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Asia
    • Central Asia
      • Kazakhstan
      • Kyrgyzstan
      • Tajikistan
      • Uzbekistan
      • Turkmenistan
    • East Asia
      • Republic of Korea
      • China
      • Japan
      • Republic of China (Taiwan)
    • South Asia
      • Afghanistan
      • Bangladesh
    • South East Asia
      • Cambodia
      • Indonesia
      • Philippines
      • Thailand
      • Myanmar
      • Singapore
      • Lao People’s Democratic Republic
      • Timor-Leste
      • Viet Nam
    • Western Asia
      • Armenia
      • Georgia
      • Jordan
      • Lebanon
      • Turkey
      • Yemen
      • Azerbaijan
      • Iraq
      • Israel
      • Qatar
      • Syrian Arab Republic
      • United Arab Emirates
      • Kuwait
  • Europe
    • Eastern Europe
      • Republic of Moldova
      • Romania
      • Czech Republic
      • Slovakia
      • Kosovo
      • Russian Federation
      • Ukraine
      • Poland
      • Bulgaria
      • Hungary
    • Northern Europe
      • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
      • Sweden
      • Denmark
      • Finland
      • Norway
    • Western Europe
      • Austria
      • France
      • Switzerland
      • Belgium
      • Netherlands
      • Germany
    • Southern Europe
      • Montenegro
      • Albania
      • Italy
      • Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Croatia
      • Serbia
      • Greece
      • Portugal
      • (The former Yugoslav) Republic of Macedonia
  • Oceania

Burundi

Sectors of activity: 
Law Enforcement Institutions
Humanitarian Protection
Humanitarian Assistance
Employment Generation
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Capacity and development training
Project support services
Description: 

The overall objective of the project is to support stability in the Great Lakes Region and create a platform for effective and sustainable migration management capacity. It will do this through a combination of national and regional components aimed at building upon gains already made and requests by the respective governments.
This will be attained through the implementation of three independent but mutually reinforcing components, as outlined below:
• Component one: support governmental efforts to set up a Directorate of Border Police within the newly established Police National Congolaise (PNC). This proposal lays out the first stage of a longer term plan which is entirely consistent with government discussions and actions.
• Component two (Burundi, Rwanda and Tanzania): bring critical stage-setting capacity building interventions through the provision of border management assessments, legislative, procedural and travel document reviews as well as border infrastructure improvements at three key border sites, supported with on-site training. In addition five Border Information Centers will be set up, building on a study on means of harmonizing border management and cross border information exchange.
• Component three: Consolidate the regional platform for effective migration training, networking and cooperation by implementing regional training activities through the Immigration Training Institute in Moshi, Tanzania, specifically designed for officials from these neighboring countries.

Sierra Leone

Sectors of activity: 
Security Sector Governance
DDR
Judicial and Legal Reform
Human Rights
Public Administration and Government Strengthening
Elections
Civil Society
Humanitarian Protection
Humanitarian Assistance
Employment Generation
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Direct project implementation
Capacity and development training
Project support services
Description: 

Reintegration of Former Combatants through (i) Quick Impact Community Based Assistance for Resettled IDPs (ii) Rapid Implementation Project Facility for the reintegration of former combatants; (iii) Voluntary Return & Reinsertion of IDPs .

One of IOM’s ongoing PBC project aims at establishing a Reparations Unit within NaCSA (the agency recommended by the TRC to take the lead in implementing the reparations programme) that will operationalise the strategy and plans developed by the Reparations Task Force to identify victims and provide the necessary support and/or socials services to them. It is envisaged that the success of this programme will invaluably contribute to national reconciliation and enhance the peace consolidation process.

Burundi

Sectors of activity: 
Law Enforcement Institutions
Humanitarian Protection
Humanitarian Assistance
Employment Generation
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Capacity and development training
Project support services
Description: 

The overall objective of the project is to support stability in the Great Lakes Region and create a platform for effective and sustainable migration management capacity. It will do this through a combination of national and regional components aimed at building upon gains already made and requests by the respective governments.
This will be attained through the implementation of three independent but mutually reinforcing components, as outlined below:
• Component one: support governmental efforts to set up a Directorate of Border Police within the newly established Police National Congolaise (PNC). This proposal lays out the first stage of a longer term plan which is entirely consistent with government discussions and actions.
• Component two (Burundi, Rwanda and Tanzania): bring critical stage-setting capacity building interventions through the provision of border management assessments, legislative, procedural and travel document reviews as well as border infrastructure improvements at three key border sites, supported with on-site training. In addition five Border Information Centers will be set up, building on a study on means of harmonizing border management and cross border information exchange.
• Component three: Consolidate the regional platform for effective migration training, networking and cooperation by implementing regional training activities through the Immigration Training Institute in Moshi, Tanzania, specifically designed for officials from these neighboring countries.

Sierra Leone

Sectors of activity: 
Security Sector Governance
DDR
Judicial and Legal Reform
Human Rights
Public Administration and Government Strengthening
Elections
Civil Society
Humanitarian Protection
Humanitarian Assistance
Employment Generation
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Direct project implementation
Capacity and development training
Project support services
Description: 

Reintegration of Former Combatants through (i) Quick Impact Community Based Assistance for Resettled IDPs (ii) Rapid Implementation Project Facility for the reintegration of former combatants; (iii) Voluntary Return & Reinsertion of IDPs .

One of IOM’s ongoing PBC project aims at establishing a Reparations Unit within NaCSA (the agency recommended by the TRC to take the lead in implementing the reparations programme) that will operationalise the strategy and plans developed by the Reparations Task Force to identify victims and provide the necessary support and/or socials services to them. It is envisaged that the success of this programme will invaluably contribute to national reconciliation and enhance the peace consolidation process.

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Route des Morillons 17 P.O. Box 71
Geneva 19 CH-1211
Other
More than 10 years
Other
5500
Route des Morillons 17 P.O. Box 71
Geneva 19 CH-1211
Headquarters

The IOM Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland primarily focuses on policy and standard setting and program technical support. Nevertheless, the Administration continues to evaluate structures, taking into consideration measures to contain costs through the delocalization of functions to low-cost locations, such as the Manila Administrative Centre (MAC) and the Panama Administrative Centre (PAC) is also further strengthening administrative support structures, particularly related to the Western Hemisphere. These locations further complement efforts to better manage structural costs associated with the Organization's growth and expanding scope of activities by providing timely information technology, finance and administrative assistance to Missions in the region. The Administration continues to explore possibilities of transferring additional functions from expensive locations to the Administrative Centres and other lower-cost environments, without jeopardizing the Organization's operational capacity. This ongoing process will allow departments and units at Headquarters and other IOM Mission locations to cope with additional workload or demand, broaden the services and support being provided and refocus their core resources on policy, planning and standard setting.

300
Mr
William Lancy Swing
Director General
Pasquale Lupoli
Director Operations Department
3
1

Network

Early Recovery Cluster

Type: 
NGO
Description: 

Humanitarian IASC Cluster working Groups, including Camp Management Camp Coordination, (CCCM), Protection, Health, Shelter and Early Recovery. Those sectors lead by UN agencies and International organization interact and coordinate Humanitarian policy, priorities and standard operations mechanism with NGOs through referral mechanisms to ensure the use of available resources and technical skills and capacities.
The Early Recovery actions are multi dimensional and multi sectoral linking life saving issues to the restoration of damaged societal functions in post crisis affected environments which includes several peacebuilding priorities.

IAWG on DDR

Type: 
Formal
Type: 
United Nations / IOs
Main purpose: 
Policy
Description: 

The United Nations Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) on DDR established in March 2005 by the Executive Committee on Peace and Security (ECPS) of the United Nations, with a mandate to improve the Organization’s performance in the area of DDR. The IAWG on DDR encompassing 15 UN entities and IOM produced a common DDR Policy, known as the Integrated DDR Standards (IDDRS) including a shared vision. The IAWG strives to capture synergies based on the added value and comparative advantage of each member organization helping to improve the conduct of DDR on the ground in both complex peacekeeping operations as well as in non-peacekeeping environments.

Peacebuilding network

Type: 
Informal
Type: 
United Nations / IOs
Main purpose: 
Policy
Geographical scope: 
Global
Description: 

Building on the important contributions that communities of practice have made within UN departments and agencies, and as part of the UN Peacebuilding Support Office’s convening role for the UN system, the PBCoP first UN-wide community for peacebuilding practitioners. With leadership from field-based staff and an inter-agency management committee, the new Peacebuilding Community of Practice (PBCoP) is an integral part of the broader knowledge management and coordination strategy for peacebuilding.

Partnership

Members States of IOM & Other Governments

Description: 

Formulation of policy, advise, technical support, capacity building to Governments on all matters related to enhancing positive migration and protecting migrants.

Support through fund raising to IOM implemented projects and related activities at field level

Host Governments: Supporting the ownership of the process by local host government instrumentalities through capacity building and training, as well as technical accompaniment.

Partner organisations: 
Government

NATO

Description: 

Cooperation modalities, including formulation of doctrine and policy related to CIMIC, Security Sector Reform, coordination related to humanitarian assistance in complex emergencies, secondments of Development Advisers.

Engaged with NATO on policy/doctrine formulation, training and implementation of projects related to recurity sector reform

Working with NATO on security sector reform in support of reintegration of redundant military personnel

Partner organisations: 
Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC)

UN OCHA and Specialized Agencies OCHA, BCPR-UNDP, ILO

Description: 

Operations, policy and coordination formulation, including IASC Clusters and funding, including Camp Management Camp Coordination, Shelter, Early Recovery.

IDDRS , United Nations / IOM participates in the UN working groups on DDR, including contributions and participation in the Intergrated Disarmament, Demobilization & Reintegration Standards (IDDRS) and other fora.

Coordination of activities and information-sharing. Funding of IOM projects by the UN and/or use of IOM as operational implementing partner of conflict resolution projects including DDR.

Partner organisations: 
United Nations

Various Internal and External partnerships

Description: 

Developing internal DDR standards and operational methodologies, including support from the academia.

Partner organisations: 
Academic