United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Post-Conflict and Disaster Management Branch

The Post-Conflict & Disaster Management Branch's core areas of operation can be described as follows: 1. Conducting environmental assessments: Field-based assessments are conducted to identify the impacts of a conflict or disaster on environmental systems and the possible indirect impacts on human health. To ensure scientific rigour, the fieldwork is followed by independent laboratory analysis. The resultant reports give detailed recommendations on environmental recovery, risk reduction and national capacity building. UNEP is also developing new capacity to conduct conflict analyses on natural resources and the environment, focusing on relapse risks and peacebuilding opportunities from natural resources. 2. Mitigating environmental risk: UNEP delivers technical support for environmental clean-up or to mitigate environmental risks caused by disasters or conflict, including those posed by chemical contamination or severe environmental damage to human health or livelihoods. UNEP provides advice to ensure that the recovery process builds back better and does not create new sources of environmental vulnerability, harm or disaster risk. 3. Strengthening institutions for environmental governance: The status of environmental institutions is identified and strengthened through capacity building and reform activities. Activities include law and policy development, environmental information management, environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment. 4. Integrating environmental considerations in reconstruction: UNEP is the lead agency for the environment in UN inter-agency processes addressing disasters and conflicts, thereby ensuring that post-conflict humanitarian interventions and reconstruction investments do not result in long term environmental damage. The UN Development Group, the Inter-Agency Standing Committee, the International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Peace Building Commission are key partners. 5. Strengthening international and regional environmental cooperation: UNEP's environmental diplomacy work contributes to peacebuilding by using shared natural resources and the environment as a platform for dialogue, confidence building and reconciliation between divided groups or countries.

The Post-Conflict and Disaster Management Branch provides leadership and catalyzes action in assessing and addressing the environmental dimensions of conflicts and disasters. The Branch's objective is to integrate environment within relief and recovery operations as a precondition for sustainable development and peace, and to use environmental management as an effective tool for disaster risk reduction and conflict prevention.

Working definition: Peacebuilding comprises the identification and support of measures needed for transformation toward more sustainable, peaceful relationships and structure of governance, in order to avoid a relapse in conflict. The four dimensions of peacebuilding are: socio-economic development, good governance, reform of justice and security institutions, and the culture of justice, truth and reconciliation. (This is based on the OECD definition)

  • Civil Society
  • Community Conflict Resolution
  • Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
  • Employment Generation
  • Environmental Diplomacy (using the environment as a platform for dialogue)
  • Good Offices and Peace Support
  • Humanitarian Assistance
  • Judicial and Legal Reform
  • Local Governance
  • Media
  • Natural Resource Management and Environmental Governance
  • Physical Infrastructure and Reconstruction
  • Public Administration and Government Strengthening
  • Sustainable
  • Transparent and Equitable Use of Natural Resources for Economic Development and Livelihoods

Public Administration and Government Strengthening

Expertise in institutional strengthening of environmental management capacities; provision of independent and neutral assessments of the state of the post-conflict / post-disaster environment.
Between 1 million to 50 million CHF per annum
  • Capacity and development training
  • Direct project implementation
  • Policy advice
  • Research and policy development
  • Technical assistance
Description of activities
• Sudan – IT infrastructure support provided to the Ministry of Environment and Physical Development. Capacity building on key environmental management issues, including environmental legislation; provision of environmental database containing maps, photos, satellite images, background documents and bibliographic information. • Afghanistan – Building capacity for environmental governance in the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) and the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), development of divisional workplans for the NEPA, technical training on Afghanistan’s environment law. Development of a Manual for Enforcement of the Environment Law and a Handbook for Environmental Inspectors, which will provide the basis for future training activities. • OPT - Training in safe disposal of asbestos-containing demolition rubble.
• DR Congo – Four projects are currently under implementation and fully funded for the current phase: - REDD Readiness for DR Congo (joint UNDP-UNEP-FAO project). - Capacity Building and Technical Assistance in Garamba and Kahuzi-Biega National Parks (Great Apes Survival Project). - The Mayombe Forest Transboundary Initiative. - CASCADE DR Congo, technical assistance for carbon finance project. • Sudan – Establishment of UNEP coordination offices in Southern Sudan and in Darfur. Implementation of three major projects: - Timber and Energy project. Outputs will be 300,000 fuel-efficient stoves, production of 1.8million tree seedlings, a natural resource assessment focused on forestry and the introduction of agro-forestry as a land use management system in Darfur. - Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) project. Outputs: hydrogeological assessments, community drought preparedness in IDP camps and host communities. - Aid and Environment project. Outputs: integrating environment into humanitarian programmes.
• DR Congo – Environmental assessment. National-level consultation that fed into a multi-component country programme. The field work for the post conflict environmental assessment will be conducted until late 2009. • Nepal – post-conflict environmental assessment. • Rwanda – post-conflict environmental assessment on eleven cross-cutting issues and sectors (multi-disciplinary team of eleven experts). Key topics include the linkages between environment, conflict and peacebuilding. The final report should be available in July 2009. • Georgia – post-conflict needs assessment all of these provided findings and recommendations for sustainable environmental management in the recovery period and beyond. • Afghanistan – Participation in the development of Afghanistan’s UNDAF for 2010-2013; • Sudan - Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment – Development of a three-year funding proposal to DFID Findings and recommendations provided for sustainable environmental management in the recovery period and beyond; advice on integrated water resources management in Darfur. • Lebanon - Post-conflict environmental assessment. • OPT - Post-conflict environmental assessment. • Haiti – environmental recovery programme. • Central African Republic – assessment of peacebuilding risks and opportunities designed as a technical input to the Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding in CAR 2009-2011. • Sierra Leone – Evaluation of the links between natural resources and conflict through two scoping missions. Other desired outputs: technical inputs to the UN Joint Vision planning process and to the Peacebuilding Commission Review Meeting.
• Central African Republic – Desk study on the environment, natural resources and conflict, designed as an input to the Integrated Peacebuilding Strategy for CAR. description: Activities, Expertise, Capacity, Achievements • Sudan – Partnership with experts from Tufts University focusing on pastoralism, livelihoods and natural resources.
• Afghanistan - Technical support to the Environmental Protection Agency in its reform and reorganisation process. • Sudan - technical assistance in management and financial administration.

Good Offices and Peace Support

Assessing how natural resources can contribute to both conflict and peacebuilding.
Between 50.000 to 1 million CHF per annum
  • Research and policy development
Description of activities
• Environmental cooperation for peacebuilding. A policy report entitled “From Conflict to Peacebuilding: the Role of Natural Resources and the Environment” was launched at the 2009 UNEP Governing Council.

Judicial and Legal Reform

Ensuring national laws and policies are consistent with the obligations of international environmental agreements.
Between 1 million to 50 million CHF per annum
  • Capacity and development training
  • Technical assistance
Description of activities
• Afghanistan – UNEP provided support for the drafting of the Environmental framework law, Water Law, Forest Law and Rangeland Law, and Protected Areas regulation.
• Afghanistan - Work towards the accession to various multi-lateral environmental agreements. Support provided to the National Focal Point for the UN Convention to Combat Desertification to prepare for and attend CRIC 7.
  • Africa
    • Central Africa
      • Democratic Republic of the Congo
      • Central African Republic
    • Eastern Africa
      • Sudan
      • Rwanda
    • Western Africa
      • Sierra Leone
      • Nigeria
      • Cote d’Ivoire
  • Asia
    • East Asia
      • China
    • South Asia
      • Nepal
      • Afghanistan
    • South East Asia
      • Myanmar
    • Western Asia
      • Palestine

Central African Republic

Sectors of activity: 
Public Administration and Government Strengthening
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
Types of activity: 
Research and policy development
Policy advice
Description: 

A scoping mission was conducted on request of the CAR government. We plan to have a second mission to assess needs and opportunities more extensively and accurately. Follow-up work will most likely include capacity-building.

Sierra Leone

Sectors of activity: 
Good Offices and Peace Support
Public Administration and Government Strengthening
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Policy advice
Description: 

Only at needs assessment and project development stage.

Central African Republic

Sectors of activity: 
Public Administration and Government Strengthening
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
Types of activity: 
Research and policy development
Policy advice
Description: 

A scoping mission was conducted on request of the CAR government. We plan to have a second mission to assess needs and opportunities more extensively and accurately. Follow-up work will most likely include capacity-building.

Sierra Leone

Sectors of activity: 
Good Offices and Peace Support
Public Administration and Government Strengthening
Economic Foundations for Growth and Development
Types of activity: 
Technical assistance
Policy advice
Description: 

Only at needs assessment and project development stage.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Post-Conflict and Disaster Management Branch
International Environment House
Chemin des Anémones 15, Châtelaine
Geneva CH-1219
United Nations
Nairobi, Kenya
From 3 to 10 years
Between 100 million to 500 million CHF per annum
1,000
International Environment House
Chemin des Anémones 15, Châtelaine
Geneva CH-1219
Other

The Geneva office coordinates the Post-Conflict & Disaster Management Branch's response to disasters and conflicts. This includes mobilizing post-conflict or post-disaster assistance to national governments, ensuring the integration of environmental considerations in relief and recovery operations, and using environmental management as a tool for disaster risk reduction and conflict prevention. The Geneva office serves as administrative headquarters for its various project offices in the field. In addition, the Geneva office liaises with other UN agencies and NGOs in Geneva to ensure coordination of efforts and integration of environmental concerns in humanitarian and recovery response. The office manages the Branch's participation in inter-agency processes, particularly those relating to the Inter-Agency Standing Committee, the United Nations Development Group and the Peace Building Commission.

64
Mr
Henrik Slotte
Chief of Branch
Mr. David Jensen
Policy and Planning Coordinator
10
25

Network

Partnership

Earth Institute

Type: 
Formal
Description: 

UN agency (global coverage). Able to contributes field-level project implementation capacity.

Environmental Law Institute

Type: 
Formal
Location: 
International Partnership
Main purpose: 
Policy
Description: 

UN agency (global coverage). Provides entry point for country-level activities through inter-agency processes such as Post-Conflict Needs Assessments.

Partner organisations: 
Academic

European Commission

Type: 
Formal
Location: 
International Partnership
Main purpose: 
Policy
Description: 

UN agency (global coverage). Ability, through its wide global field level presence, to facilitate and assist with national level project implementation.

Partner organisations: 
Regional organisations

IUCN

Type: 
Formal
Location: 
Other
Other: 
Global
Description: 

Can provide assistance with field-level project implementation through its wide geographic reach and "on the ground" presence. Also has capacity to contribute to global policy development.

Partner organisations: 
NGOs

UNISDR

Type: 
Formal
Location: 
Other
Other: 
Global
Description: 

Provides global framework for disaster risk reduction. Provides access to national government focal points.

Partner organisations: 
United Nations