Papers

Geneva Peace Calendar 2017

The Geneva Peace Calendar is an initiative of the Geneva Peacebuilding Platform to foster cooperation and synergies between Geneva-based institutions working in the fields of conflict prevention and peacebuilding and related efforts to strengthen peaceful and inclusive societies. The initiative has been piloted in 2016 with a survey across all international organizations, missions and non-governmental organizations.

Entry Points for Preventing Youth Engagement in Political Violence: Lessons from Burundi’s 2015 Elections

This paper presents key findings from the project entitled, “Bumbatira Amahoro – Keeping the Peace: Engaging Youth Leaders to Prevent Conflict in Burundi,” which aimed to reduce the engagement of un(der)employed youth – political party leaders and members, ex-combatants, civil society leaders, and other vulnerable youth – in political violence around the 2015 elections.

Urban safety and security: Lessons from the last two decades and emergent issues

The present report synthesizes some of the most important lessons on urban safey to date. These include to make prevention a priority; to recognize the importance of public space; to realize that without municipal leadership, crime, conflict and violence reduction and prevention plans cannot succeed; to create multi-sectoral partnerships for change within government structures; to work with civil society actors as co-producers of security for all; and to support better data-collection and analysis, research, and exchange of promising practice. The report is a synthesis of the confenrece  “Reviewing the State of Safety in World Cities: Safer Cities +20” which took place in Geneva, Switzerland, on 6 - 8 July 2016.

Paper Series of the Technical Working Group

GPP Papers 14-21 represent a special series for the Technical Working Group on the Confluence of Urban Safety and peacebuilding Practice. The can all be downloaded at: http://www.gpplatform.ch/peacebuilding-resources

14. Understanding the Grammar of the City: Urban Safety and Peacebuilding Practice through a Semiotic Lens (Jütersonke and Austin 2016)

15. Responses to Conflict that Work (Wennmann and Ganson 2016)

16. Entry Points for Programming across Urban Safety and Peacebuilding (Grob, Papadovassilakis, and Ribeiro Fadon Vicente 2016)

17. Partnerships for Urban Safety in Fragile Contexts: The Intersection of Community Crime Prevention and Security Sector Reform (Homel and Masson 2016)

18. Negotiating with Criminal Groups: From Prejudice to Pragmatism (van den Eertwegh 2016)

19. Case Studies on Urban Safety and Peacebuilding: Lagos, Beirut, Mitrovica, Treichville and Johannesburg (Grob, Papadovassilakis, and Ribeiro Fadon Vicente 2016)

20. The Programme Conjoint de Renforcement de la Sécurité Urbaine in Ouagoudougou, Bourkina Faso: Lessons Learned (Parent 2016)

21. Building Peace: An Annotated Resource Pack (Wennmann 2016)

What Role of the Private Sector in the Prevention of Election Violence? The Case of Kenya

This paper focuses on the role of the private sector in the prevention of electoral violence. The positive contribution of the private sector to conflict prevention, mediation and alleviation is increasingly recognised in policy and academic circles, yet little research has been carried out with respect to its role in the prevention election violence. To this end, the paper considers the example of Kenya in the hope that novel lessons will be revealed for firms seeking to engage in conflict mitigation strategies related to election-related conflict.

What went wrong in the Central African Republic? International engagement and the failure to think conflict prevention

This paper presents the results of a project on international engagement in the Central African Republic (CAR) – a joint initiative by the Applied Research Seminar of the Graduate Institute’s Master in Development Studies and the Geneva Peacebuilding Platform. In light of the outbreak of violence in CAR at the end of 2012, the paper aims to decipher the shortfall in preventing conflict in CAR despite repeated international interventions over the last two decades.

Building Peace in Urban Setting: Lessons from the Ground and Recommendations for Collaboration

This paper is a summary of the main points raised during the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Geneva Peacebuilding Platform. The Annual Meeting had the objective to better understand the challenges of building peace in urban settings and the potential role of peacebuilding in addressing these challenges. Overall, the Annual Meeting underlined that the peacebuilding community can provide a specific contribution to responses to violence and fragility in urban settings that are detailed in this paper.

Keeping the peace: Lessons learned from preventive action towards Kenya's 2013 elections (Dec. 2013)

This paper presents the results of the Kenya Prevention Project – a joint initiative by the Graduate Institute’s Applied Research Seminar and the Geneva Peacebuilding Platform. This project had the objective to develop a better understanding of the workings of preventive actions surrounding the Kenyan elections of 2013. The project’s overall finding is that successful conflict prevention around the 2013 election was based on the interplay between constitutional and institutional reform, the pursuit of transitional justice, and a range of local initiatives. It also found that information sharing and co-ordination of who plays what role, and when, was essential for maximizing the cumulative impact of different efforts, and for capitalizing on the reforms of political institutions.

Monitoring and Evaluation of Peacebuilding: The Role of New Media (August 2013)

This research paper compiles and elaborates on key challenges, opportunities and lessons for the use of new media in monitoring and evaluating peacebuilding activities. It draws on experiences of humanitarian and development projects in which new media were used specifically for M&E purposes. Further, it presents experiences made by practitioners, both mistakes and lessons learned from pilot projects as well as concerns and reflections regarding these experiences in the literature. This paper has been commissioned as part of the work stream on ‘Monitoring, evaluation and learning’ of the Geneva Peacebuilding Platform.

Inclusivity and Local Perspectives in Peacebuilding: Issues, Lessons, Challenges (July 2013)

This paper distils the discussions of the expert meeting Towards a Comprehensive Strategy for Inclusivity: Strengthening the Role of Local Perspectives in Peacebuilding on 14-15 May 2013 in Uppsala, Sweden. Given that recent attention on inclusivity has so far not translated into major changes in the way international actors operationalise peacebuilding, it is timely to review practice trends and selected case evidence of inclusive peacebuilding. This paper identifies key issues, lessons and challenges that need to be taken into consideration for strengthening and deepening the uptake of diverse perspectives in peacebuilding processes.